Powers of Congress


Note – All sections that say US Congress applies to the Federal Congress only.

Sections that say “Congress” shall apply to the States as well.


Powers Granted to the US Congress:

I. Financial Powers:

  1. To lay and collect income taxes                                                                                                 [See Addendum]
  2. To borrow money on the credit of the Country                                                                     [See Addendum]
  3. To coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign coin                                         [See Addendum]


II. Judicial Powers:

  1. To approve nominations to the Supreme Court by a minimum of 60% of the Senate
  2. To constitute tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court


III. Business Powers:

  1. To fix the standard of weights and measures
  2. Secure for a limited time to authors and inventors the exclusive rights to their writings and inventions
  3. To regulate commerce with foreign countries
  4. To establish and enforce uniform bankruptcy laws                                                            [See Addendum]


IV. Military Powers:

  1. To declare war                                                                                                                              [See Addendum]
  2. To grant letters of marque and reprisal
  3. To make rules concerning captures on land and water
  4. To define and punish piracies and felonies committed on the high seas
  5. To define and punish offences against the laws of nations
  6. To raise and support military for national defense
  7. To make rules for the government and regulation of the military


V. Other Powers:

  1. To establish immigration and naturalization laws                                                               [See Addendum]
  2. To establish environmental laws                                                                                              [See Addendum]
  3. To approve all regulations written by regulatory agencies


Powers Denied to US Congress over States:

  1. The Congress shall have no power to regulate any business which does not sell products in interstate commerce                                                                                                                                    [See Addendum]
  2. The Congress shall have no power to mandate States to spend money on any program the States oppose
  3. The Congress shall have no power to overturn duly passed laws of the States unless they violate a provision of the Constitution
  4. The Congress shall have no power to prohibit States from enforcing federal laws, even if the Federal government fails to enforce such laws



Powers Denied to Congress over Citizens:

  1. The Congress shall have no power to force individuals to purchase any product or service
  2. The Congress shall have no power to force individuals to do anything which is solely for the benefit of the individual                                                                                                                                    [See Addendum]
  3. The Congress shall pass no laws to protect the environment or endangered species which restricts to use of or effectively “takes” property without adequate compensation to the landowner


Powers Denied to Congress over Businesses:

  1. The Congress shall be prohibited from providing any financial support for any for profit or non-profit entity
  2. The Congress shall be prohibited from bailing out any business
  3. The Congress shall be prohibited from spending money on any “pork” projects
  4. The Congress shall be prohibited from regulating banks                                                  [See Addendum]
  5. The Congress shall be prohibited from establishing a Central Bank
  6. The Congress shall not regulate any profession or job
  7. The Congress shall establish no laws that protect established businesses against new competition
  8. The Congress shall make no laws mandating minimum wages, overtime pay or benefits


General Powers denied to Congress:

  1. The Congress cannot exempt themselves or any other political group from legislation
  2. The Congress cannot vote on any legislation until they have certified that they have read and understand the bill
  3. The Congress is prohibited from legalizing any public employee unions
  4. The Congress cannot pass any legislation based on material lies.  If this happens, then the law will be null and void and cannot be enforced until approved by the Supreme Court
  5. The Congress shall spend no monies on foreign aid


III. Duties of Congress:

  1. The US Congress shall submit a balanced budget prior to July 15th of each year
  2. Congress shall approve all regulations passed by regulatory bodies.  No regulation will go into effect until such approval is received.  All regulations will have a sunset period of no longer than four years.
  3. Congress shall ensure that no fiat money is issued
  4. Congress shall establish uniform voting laws which require proper ID to vote in Federal elections
  5. Congress shall establish a business / consumer review web site which will permit consumers to post reviews of businesses                                                                                                                   [See addendum]
  6. Congress shall establish laws against business collusion, price fixing and predatory
  7. pricing                                                                                                                                             [See Addendum]
  8. Congress shall establish laws requiring full disclosures of all products and services sold in this country